A construction blueprint, or construction plan or drawing, is a two-dimensional drawing that contains all of the project details. Pretty straightforward, yeah? They are needed to request permits, determine the schedule, and of course, do the construction itself. Blueprints play a vital role in commercial construction projects.
Blueprints give the crew a feel for what they’re actually building, they ensure the essentials are incorporated into the build, and they help in determining the overall costs. Every tradesman, subcontractor, and contractor will need to have an understanding of blueprints before starting a career in the commercial construction industry. Ultimately, blueprint drawings show how the building will be constructed and is the first line of defense in starting any commercial building project.
Importance Of Blueprints In Commercial Construction
Despite how crucial blueprints are to a project, they often don’t get the praise and acknowledgment that they deserve. The specifications that are included in blueprints include objectives, functionality, and how the requirements will be achieved. These are all essential in executing a project properly.
Drawings will allow you to measure your compliance, modifications or additions can be tracked when it comes to installation, and they’re great references and resources for maintenance and troubleshooting. Addressing concerns, assigning tasks, and hiring labor are other ways that those involved in the projects can benefit. They are important through every step of planning all the way to completion.
They can vary greatly
Blueprints will vary considerably depending on the type of construction project. Depending on how simple or complex the project is, the blueprint can range from small to large with varying specifications. They can either be printed or created digitally or both. This allows everyone on the project to be able to view the details whenever necessary, especially if many changes are being made. If this is the case, a digital blueprint may be the best decision. Updates can be made on an app where all team members have access to the latest version.
When reading a blueprint, the first tip in doing so is to scan the whole plan. After viewing the entire plan and getting the basics down, you’ll want to review all the notes and specifications. In moving forward, you’ll want to review the blueprints of the other components of the projects, such as the roof, plumbing, electrical systems, etc.
With there being no universal shorthand, it’s probable to come across unique symbols and abbreviations on blueprints. While some may be difficult to decipher, there’s typically a key located on the blueprint to define them. It will help you navigate unfamiliar terms and symbols.
The right scale
Scale matters greatly when it comes to blueprints. Ensuring that the correct scale is being used is imperative, especially when making changes. If the scale is not considered, the changes will not be built the way they should be. The elevations are almost always noted as north, east, south, and west, but should always be checked beforehand. It will show the gutters, downspouts, windows, and doors, as well as describe what materials will be used. Elevations and floor plans should be well understood before starting a project.
This is where the contractor will see the building’s cross-sections. This includes the studs, insulation, sheathing, as well as how the wall and floor connect. Cabinet and countertop dimensions will also be found here. Every section is cross-referenced so the reader will know its origin. Finally, schedules are included. An example may be a door number on the floor plan that may also be found under the attached door schedule.
Blueprints are essential
Obviously, all construction plans rely heavily on their blueprint as it's the foundation from which the entire planning process stems. A well-designed blueprint should list out every step logically and in order. This will result in a smooth and efficient project workflow. Having the right workforce, the right materials, and the right equipment can all be determined by the blueprint alone. These factors can make or break a project.
An accurate and updated blueprint and plan will ensure that both time and resources do not get wasted. Knowing how to read and interpret blueprints is crucial in ensuring your team knows what they need to be doing. Digital blueprints are becoming easier and more straightforward, making the planning process a more seamless one.
Contour Construction | Commercial Carpentry in Omaha
Contour can complete large and small carpentry jobs for:
- Multi‐Family Residential
- Small scale tenant improvement and build-out projects